What Is Web Hosting – Dessign

Updated: Jun 21, 2023 By: Dessign Team

what is web hosting

Web hosting is an essential component of establishing an online presence, whether for personal or business purposes. It is an online service that allows individuals and organizations to make their website’s content accessible on the internet.

By purchasing a hosting plan, one essentially rents space on a physical server to store the website’s files and data, ensuring its accessibility across various devices like desktops, mobiles, and tablets.

The hosting provider supplies the necessary technology and resources required for the effective, secure, and smooth operation of a website. There are various types of web hosting services available, such as shared hosting, dedicated hosting, expensive hosting, and cloud hosting, each with its benefits and drawbacks. Choosing the right hosting plan is vital as it directly impacts the website’s performance, security, and reliability.

In summary, web hosting plays a crucial role in the overall success of a website, as it provides the foundation for the site’s content and allows users to access it seamlessly. It is imperative to understand and evaluate the different web hosting options available to find the most suitable solution for one’s specific needs.

Types of Web Hosting

Web hosting is an essential service for any website to be accessible on the internet. There are several types of web hosting to accommodate various needs and budgets. In this section, we will explore the different types of web hosting, including Shared Hosting, Dedicated Hosting, Virtual Private Server (VPS) Hosting, Cloud Hosting, WordPress Hosting, and E-Commerce Hosting.

Shared Hosting

Shared hosting is a popular choice among small websites and beginners due to its affordability. In this type of hosting, several websites share server resources, including CPU, RAM, and storage space. This allows hosting providers to offer shared plans at a lower cost. While shared hosting is generally more affordable, it may result in slower site performance and limited customization options due to the shared nature of resources.

Dedicated Hosting

In dedicated hosting, a website owner leases an entire server exclusively for their website. This means that all the server’s resources, such as storage, CPU, and RAM, are dedicated to one website. Dedicated hosting provides better performance, higher reliability, and more control over the server configuration compared to shared hosting. However, it comes at a higher cost and requires more technical knowledge to manage.

Virtual Private Server (VPS) Hosting

Virtual Private Server (VPS) hosting is a balance between shared and dedicated hosting. In this type, a physical server is divided into multiple virtual servers, each having its own allocated resources. With VPS hosting, website owners have more control over their hosting environment and enjoy better performance than shared hosting. VPS hosting is typically more affordable than dedicated hosting but offers fewer resources.

Cloud Hosting

Cloud hosting is a scalable and flexible hosting option, where a website’s resources are distributed across multiple servers. This hosting type offers high reliability and uptime, as the website can continue to operate even if one server goes down. Cloud hosting also provides the ability to scale resources on-demand, making it an excellent choice for websites with variable traffic and resource needs. Pricing for cloud hosting can vary depending on the resources you need.

WordPress Hosting

WordPress hosting is specifically designed for websites built on the WordPress content management system (CMS). This hosting type offers optimized server configurations and pre-installed plugins for smoother and faster performance. Some providers also offer automatic updates, backups, and expert support to help with WordPress-related issues. Although WordPress hosting can be more expensive than traditional shared hosting, the benefits may justify the higher cost for WordPress-based websites.

E-Commerce Hosting

E-Commerce hosting is tailored to support online stores and businesses, offering various features like shopping cart integration, SSL certificates, and Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) compliance. This hosting type provides a more secure, reliable, and fast environment for processing transactions and managing customer data. With e-commerce hosting, website owners can focus on their revenue and customers without worrying about the technical aspects of hosting their online store.

By understanding these different types of web hosting, website owners can choose the most suitable option based on their requirements, budget, and technical expertise. Each hosting type presents its benefits and limitations, so consider the specific needs of your website before making a decision.

Selecting a Web Hosting Plan

Selecting a Web Hosting Plan

When choosing a web hosting plan, it’s essential to consider several factors that can affect your website’s performance and success. In this section, we will discuss the key aspects to look for when selecting a web hosting plan.

Storage Space and Bandwidth

One of the critical factors to consider is the amount of storage space and bandwidth your hosting plan offers. Storage space refers to the amount of space available for your website’s files, such as images, videos, and text. Bandwidth is the amount of data transfer allowed between your website and users.

Ensure your chosen plan provides adequate storage and bandwidth to accommodate your website’s needs, particularly if you have a content-heavy site or expect high levels of traffic.

Uptime and Reliability

A reliable web hosting provider should offer high uptime, which indicates the percentage of time your website remains accessible online. Look for a hosting provider that guarantees at least 99.9% uptime to ensure your website stays up and running, with minimal downtime.

Customer Support and Maintenance

When selecting a hosting plan, it’s crucial to consider the quality of customer support offered by the provider. Issues may arise with your website, and having access to a responsive, knowledgeable support team is vital in resolving problems quickly and efficiently. Look for providers that offer 24/7 customer support through multiple channels like phone, email, or live chat.

Routine maintenance is also essential to keep servers running smoothly and securely. Ensure the hosting provider conducts regular updates, security checks, and performance optimizations.

Pricing and Money-Back Guarantee

Choosing an affordable hosting plan is crucial for individuals and small businesses operating on a limited budget. Compare hosting costs among various providers and ensure the chosen plan aligns with your budget while still offering the necessary features and support.

Finally, many hosting providers offer money-back guarantees, which can provide peace of mind, especially for first-time customers. Look for a hosting plan that includes a money-back guarantee to ensure you have the option to change providers if you’re not satisfied with the service.

By considering these factors, you can select a hosting plan that is reliable, cost-effective, and suitable for your website’s needs.

Domain Registration

Domain registration is a crucial step in setting up a website. This process involves reserving a unique name on the internet, which will serve as your website’s address. Domain registrars are companies or organizations responsible for selling and managing domain name registrations. A domain name typically needs to be renewed once a year, but you can pay upfront for up to 10 years of registration.

Domain Names

A domain name serves as the easily accessible address for a website, enabling users to find it without memorizing the IP address that computers use to recognize websites. This name is a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols that a user types into their browser to access a specific web address directly.

Domain names have an important role in branding. They provide a unique and recognizable identity for businesses or individuals online. Choosing the right domain name is essential, as it contributes significantly to a website’s success, search engine optimization, and overall online presence.


The Domain Name System (DNS) is a foundational technology that powers the internet. It allows users to access websites using domain names instead of IP addresses. DNS serves as the internet’s virtual phone book, mapping domain names to their corresponding IP addresses and directing web traffic to the appropriate servers.

DNS functions through a hierarchical system, utilizing root servers, top-level domains (TLDs), and second-level domains. When a user requests a website, the DNS resolver translates the domain name into the corresponding IP address, enabling the user’s device to connect to the correct server and display the requested content.

In conclusion, domain registration is a vital component of establishing your online presence. Acquiring a domain name and understanding the role of the DNS system are crucial steps in setting up a website, promoting your brand online, and ensuring easy access for users.

Web Hosting Providers

When looking for a reliable web hosting provider, it is important to consider factors like reliability, pricing, performance, and customer support. In this section, we will be discussing top web hosting providers: BlueHost, GoDaddy, Hostinger, HostGator, HostWinds, DreamHost, Liquid Web, and A2 Hosting.


BlueHost is widely recognized for its user-friendly platform and excellent customer support. They offer a variety of web hosting services, including shared, VPS, dedicated, and WordPress hosting. BlueHost is known for its reliability and affordable pricing, making it a great option for small businesses and beginners building their first website.


GoDaddy is one of the largest web hosting providers in the world, offering a wide range of services, such as shared, VPS, dedicated, and WordPress hosting. Known for its comprehensive tools and strong performance, GoDaddy attracts a diverse clientele, including personal websites and enterprise businesses.


Hostinger is a popular web hosting provider known for its budget-friendly pricing and fast performance. They offer a variety of hosting options, including shared, VPS, cloud, and WordPress hosting. Hostinger’s intuitive control panel makes it a great choice for beginners, while its extensive range of features appeals to experienced users.


As a well-known web hosting provider, HostGator delivers a wide range of hosting services. It offers shared, VPS, dedicated, reseller, and WordPress hosting plans. With its impressive uptime, responsive customer support, and flexible plans, HostGator remains a popular choice among many website owners.


With its focus on performance and security, DreamHost is a top choice for many website owners. They offer shared, VPS, dedicated, and WordPress hosting, as well as managed cloud hosting solutions. DreamHost provides a straightforward user experience through its custom control panel.

Liquid Web

Liquid Web is a premium hosting provider, offering dedicated, VPS, cloud, and managed WordPress hosting. They cater to businesses and professionals seeking high-performance solutions and top-notch support. With its commitment to performance, scalability, and security, Liquid Web remains a trusted choice for many.

A2 Hosting

A2 Hosting is known for its fast, reliable performance and top-notch customer support. They offer a variety of hosting options, including shared, VPS, dedicated, and WordPress hosting. A2 Hosting’s commitment to providing user-friendly solutions makes it a great choice for beginners and experienced users alike.

Technical Considerations

Technical Considerations

When selecting a web hosting service, there are important technical aspects to consider. This section will provide an overview of these considerations under the following sub-sections: Server Resources and Performance, Security Features, Control Panel and Website Builder, and Operating System and Customization.

Server Resources and Performance

A web host’s server resources and performance play a crucial role in the success of your website. Key factors to consider include:

  • Storage Space: Ensure the host provides enough storage for your website files, images, and videos.
  • Bandwidth: The amount of data transfer allowed for your site. Too little bandwidth could lead to slow loading times and reduced site functionality.
  • Uptime: High uptime percentages mean the servers are more likely to be reliable and available for your website visitors.

Security Features

When it comes to web hosting, security features are essential. Important security aspects to evaluate include:

  • SSL Certificates: These provide an encrypted connection between your website and its users, protecting them from potential cyberattacks.
  • DDoS Protection: Measures in place to protect your site from being overwhelmed by malicious traffic.
  • Backups: Regular backups should be provided by the hosting service to allow for easy recovery in case of data loss.

Control Panel and Website Builder

Most web hosting services offer a control panel to help users manage their website and a website builder to create and design the site. Considerations include:

  • Ease of use: The control panel should be user-friendly and have clear navigation.
  • Features: It should allow for vital management options such as file management, email, and domain management.
  • Integration: The website builder should integrate seamlessly with the control panel, enabling you to efficiently design and manage your site.

Operating System and Customization

The choice of operating system (OS) and customization options are significant aspects of web hosting. Key factors to consider include:

  • OS: Choose between Linux and Windows-based hosting services depending on your website’s needs and compatibility.
  • Customization: Look for hosting services that allow you to customize your server environment, such as installing specific software or adjusting server configurations.

Taking these technical considerations into account will help ensure you select the right web hosting service for your specific needs.

Additional Features

Email Accounts

A vital aspect of professional web hosting is providing email accounts for your domain. Many web hosts offer email accounts as part of their hosting packages, allowing you to communicate with clients and customers seamlessly. These accounts typically include spam filtering, autoresponders, and email forwarding options to enhance your overall email management.

Automatic Backups

To ensure the security and integrity of your website’s data, it’s essential to have regular automatic backups in place. Many web hosts offer automatic backup systems as part of their hosting plans. This feature enables you to recover your site quickly in case of data loss, hacking, or other unforeseen issues.

Free Domain and SSL Certificates

When choosing a web hosting service, it’s important to consider those that offer a free domain and SSL certificates. A free domain eliminates the need for additional expenses when setting up your online presence, while SSL certificates play a crucial role in securing your website and protecting sensitive data. SSL certificates also help build trust with your visitors, ensuring that their information is kept safe.

By opting for a web host that offers these additional features – email accounts, automatic backups, free domain, and SSL certificates – you will enhance the functionality, security, and overall effectiveness of your website, making it a valuable asset for your online business or personal projects.